Procession of Sopdu, the Warrior
|Relief of the funerary temple of Sahure of Sopdu |
5th dynasty of Egypt - Egyptian museum of Berlin
Due to the rising of the sun (and thus the heat) in the east each day, Sopdu is associated with the east, which also happens to be where his cult was centred the most. As a war god he is portrayed as a warrior, and said to guard Egypt's borders.
Sopdu has been mentioned in the Pyramid Texts and a representation of him was found on an Abydos ivory tablet owned by Djer of the First Dynasty.
Feast of the Beautiful Reunion
|Sacred barque of Hathor - |
Bas relief in hypostyle hall, temple of Edfu, Egypt
The procession started 14 days before the new moon where the Goddess’ statue would have been carried on a barque stopping at the temples of the towns between Dendera and Edfu. This allowed the common people to join in on the festivities. Worshippers could be involved with some of the ceremony, leave offerings, pray to the deities or even ask for some divine guidance. This would have involved an ‘oracle’ who the worshipper would approach with a question. The questions were posed to allow a simple ‘yes’ or ‘no’ answer. The oracle would ‘consult’ with the deity. The answer would come with something like a nod or lean of the statue. For example, forward for ‘yes’ or backwards for ‘no’.
Hathor was said to travel south to Edfu, where she would stay for two weeks while the marriage was consecreated in the temple of Horus. When she arrived at Edfu the Horus statue would welcome her (carried by priests and other officials) but before they went ashore they would take a quick detour to the Mound of Geb, where the two statues would be placed on a shrine/altar area where the Opening of the Mouth ritual would be performed.